Adolescent and Youth Policy: The Experiences of Colombia, Dominican Republic and Nicaragua (547kb) (Jill Russell and Xavier Solórzano, 2001). This report describes highlights the social, economic, and political context surrounding policy formulation in each country as well as the key social actors involved. Also illustrated are the processes by which selected youth policies were developed and lessons learned, as derived through a process analysis and an examination of resulting policy frameworks, laws, policies, and infrastructures.
Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Asia and the Near East: Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs (415kb) (POLICY Project, 2003). This series of 13 country case studies includes discussion of legal and policy issues related to youth reproductive health, current in-country programs, and operational barriers.
Links to the case studies:
Adolescent Reproductive Health in Indonesia: Contested Values and Policy Inaction in Studies in Family Planning 40 (2): 133-146. This study examines the changing social and political context of adolescent sexual and reproductive health policy in Indonesia. We describe how, in 2001, Indonesia was on the brink of implementing an adolescent reproductive health policy that was consistent with international agreements to which the Indonesian government was a party. Although the health of young Indonesians was known to be at risk, the opportunity for reform passed quickly with the emergence of a new competing force, Middle Eastern fundamentalist Islam. Faced with the risk of regional separatism and competing politico-religious influences, the Indonesian government retreated to the safety of inaction in this area of policy. In the absence of a supportive and committed political environment that reinforces policy specifically targeted to young people’s reproductive health, extremist approaches that involve considerable health risk prevailed. The sexual and reproductive values and behaviors that are emerging among single young people in contemporary Indonesia are conditioned by a political context that allows the conflicting forces of traditional Indonesian values, Westernization, and the strong emerging force of fundamentalist Islam to compete for the allegiance of young people.
Assessment of Youth Reproductive Health Programs in Nicaragua (Family Health International, YouthNet, 2003)A four-person team, including a YouthNet staff member, U.S.-based consultant, and two local consultants carried out the current assessment. During the two-week consultancy, the team contacted a wide range of individuals and organizations involved in adolescent reproductive health, including service-delivery, policy-making, advocacy and funding organizations. An overview of relevant laws and policies is included.
Botswana: Review of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Laws, Policies, and Practices (197kb) (African Youth Alliance, 2001)
Formulating and Implementing National Youth Policy: Lessons Learned from Bolivia and the Dominican Republic (James E. Rosen, 2001). This report describes the formulation and implementation of youth policies in Bolivia and the Dominican Republic and draws lessons that advocates for youth programs can apply in other countries. Both countries have approved comprehensive national policies that incorporate strong youth health components, including reproductive health.
Ghana: Analysis of National Reproductive Health Policy (148kb) (African Youth Alliance, 2003). Includes a focus on adolescents.
In This Generation: Sexual & Reproductive Health Policies for a Youthful World (Margaret E. Greene, Zohra Rasekh, and Kahli Ahset-Amen, 2002). Through case studies on Ghana, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Republic of Mail, Mexico, the Netherlands, and the United States, this report highlight successes, lessons learned, and key elements for understanding current policies targeting young people's reproductive health.
Israeli National Youth Policy (Chaim Lahav, Sept. 2008). In Israel, there is no national youth policy. No organization exists on a national level and which is responsible for a complete and integrated view which could coordinate the different services handling youth and youngsters. Over the last two decades, the experience in Israel mainly focused on creating a national policy for specific youth related issues. In Israel, similarly to other countries around the world, the youth services are scattered among a large number of government ministries. The large quantity of organizations dealing with the subject, with no national policy or at least some coordination mechanisms, can result in redundancies and a waste of resources in which shortage always exists as far as certain subjects and populations are concerned. Only recently (2007), did the Israeli government pass its first resolution as to getting a national program concerning children and youth at risk into operation.
Options and Opportunities for Adolescents. The web site for this UNFPA project includes adolescent reproductive health policy reviews for 11 countries: Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Jordan, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mongolia, Palestine, Russian Federation, and Senegal.
Seminar on Youth Policy Development in South East Europe, Final Report (December 2008, 24 pages) This seminar, which was held between 22nd and 24th September 2008, in Belgrade was the second such event devoted to the development of youth policy in the region of South-East Europe organised by the Youth Partnership between the Council of Europe and the European Commission and the SALTO SEE Resource Centre. It built upon the initial groundwork undertaken at the first seminar held at Trogir, Croatia in September 2007.
The stated aims of the seminar were summarised in the following terms:
- To share examples of good practice concerning youth policy development and/or implementation;
- To encourage dialogue about youth policy development and implementation among the main stakeholders in the youth field in the SEE region; and
- To identify the actions that should be taken at international level in order to develop youth policy in the SEE region.
Tanzania: Analysis of Existing Laws and Policies that Impact on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (1713kb) (African Youth Alliance, 2003) This report is an in-depth analysis of 12 government policies and laws.
Uganda: Review of Laws, Policies, Stragies, and Guidelines Relevant to Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (151kb) (African Youth Alliance, 2001).
Youth Policy in Latvia (May 2008): This presentation by Andris Grafs highlights the activities and interventions of the Ministry for Children and Family Affairs in implementing state youth policy.
Youth Reproductive Health Policy Country Brief Series (2004/2005): This series highlights experiences in advancing youth reproductive health policy in developing countries, specifically in those countries where the POLICY Project has been an active partner in policy change.
No. 1: Jamaica: Strengthening Multisectoral Coordination for Youth: This policy brief describes the efforts in Jamaica to strengthen multisectoral coordination on youth issues. A nationally inclusive process, led largely by young people from the National Centre for Youth Development, produced a revised national youth policy and drafted a national strategic plan for youth development.
No. 2: Nigeria: Advocacy and Strategic Planning for Youth Reproductive Health in Edo State: This policy brief describes how a network of groups spanning government and civil society was formed and took the lead in strategic planning on youth reproductive health issues at the state level in Nigeria. The network carried out a situation assessment and drafted a strategic plan, recently approved by the government in Edo State.
No. 3: Peru: Civil Society Key to Youth Policy Implementation
No. 4: Egypt: Youth Champions Working for Policy Implementation
No. 5: Uganda: Networking for Policy Change